My List of LinksSome of my Bible studies.:
Some of the special messages of Abraham Lincoln. In 1861.:
Some arguments for the existence of God
Evidence of the existence of an Infinite Being is to be found in
the Bible, in the facts of human consciousness, and in the physical
universe. Dr. Charles Hodge sets forth as follows the principal
arguments used to maintain the existence of a God:
††† I. The _a priori_ argument which seeks to demonstrate the being of a
††† God from certain first principles involved in the essential laws of
††† human intelligence.
††† II. The cosmological argument, or that one which proceeds after the
††† _posteriori_ fashion, from the present existence of the world as
††† an effect, to the necessary existence of some ultimate and eternal
††† first cause.
††† III. The teleological argument, or that argument which, from the
††† evidence of design in the creation, seeks to establish the fact that
††† the great self-existent first cause of all things is an intelligent
††† and voluntary personal spirit.
††† IV. The moral argument, or that argument which, from a consideration
††† of the phenomena of conscience in the human heart, seeks to
††† establish the fact that the self-existent Creator is also the
††† righteous moral Governor of the world. This argument includes the
††† consideration of the universal feeling of dependence common to
††† all men, which together with conscience constitutes the religious
††† V. The historical argument, which involves: (1) The evident
††† providential presence of God in the history of the human race. (2)
††† The evidence afforded by history that the human race is not eternal,
††† and therefore not an infinite succession of individuals, but
††† created. (3) The universal consent of all men to the fact of His
††† VI. The Scriptural argument, which includes: (1) The miracles and
††† prophecies recorded in Scripture, and confirmed by testimony,
††† proving the existence of a God. (2) The Bible itself, self-evidently
††† a work of superhuman wisdom. (3) Revelation, developing and
††† enlightening conscience, and relieving many of the difficulties
††† under which natural theism labours, and thus confirming every other
††† line of evidence.Ē [WILLIAM
"THE EXISTENCE OF GOD A FIRST TRUTH.
1. That the knowledge of Godís existence answers the first criterion of universality, is evident from the following considerations:
A. It is an acknowledged fact that the vast majority of men have actually
recognized the existence of a spiritual being or beings, upon whom they
conceived themselves to be dependent.
B. Those races and nations which have at first seemed destitute of such
knowledge have uniformly, upon further investigation, been found to
possess it, so that no tribe of men with which we have thorough
acquaintance can be said to be without an object of worship. We may
presume that further knowledge will show this to be true of all.
C. This conclusion is corroborated by the fact that those individuals, in
heathen or in Christian lands, who profess themselves to be without any
Knowledge of a spiritual power or powers above them, does yet indirectly manifest the existence of such an idea in their minds and its positive influence over them.
D. This agreement among individuals and nations so widely separated in
time and place can be most satisfactorily explained by supposing that it has
its ground, not in accidental circumstances, but in the nature of man as
man. The diverse and imperfectly developed ideas of the supreme Being
which prevail among men are best accounted for as misinterpretations and
perversions of an intuitive conviction common to all.
2. That the knowledge of Godís existence answers the second criterion of necessity, will be seen by considering:
A. That men, under circumstances fitted to call forth this knowledge,
cannot avoid recognizing the existence of God. In contemplating finite
existence, there is inevitably suggested the idea of an infinite Being as its correlative. Upon occasion of the mindís perceiving its own finiteness, dependence, responsibility, it immediately and necessarily perceives the existence of an infinite and unconditioned Being upon whom it is dependent and to whom it is responsible." [Strong].